ipp

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size

General information – Czech Republic

Prague is the capital city of the Czech Republic, which lies in the heart of Europe and borders on Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. It is the political, economic, and cultural centre of the country. The president, government and parliament have their seat in Prague. Prague is also an important European transport hub.

Entering the Czech Republic

There is visa-free entry for citizens of most European countries, Australia, Canada and the United States. If necessary, visas are issued by diplomatic missions of the Czech Republic in a given country. The Czech Republic is a member of the Schengen area. Inhabitants of contractual states are allowed to cross borders between states within this area without undergoing border controls. Still, inhabitants of these states have the obligation to carry a passport or identity card with them.

More information: Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Language

The official language is Czech. The majority of inhabitants have a basic, or possibly higher level of fluency in English and German. In hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, places of historical interest and many shops and services it is possible to make oneself understood in English or German and exceptionally also in French.

Vocabulary

Even though you do not speak Czech yet, everyone is pleased when they hear a foreigner trying to communicate in the language of the country they are visiting. Be it in a restaurant, on the street, in a shop or anywhere else, basic conversational phrases like „Děkuji” and „Dobrý den” will definitely come in handy.

In English 

Česky 

Hello! (Good day!)
Dobrý den!
Hi!
Ahoj!/Čau!
Good morning!
Dobré ráno!
Good night!
Dobrou noc!
Good bye!
Na shledanou!
Bye! See you!
Ahoj!/Čau!
See you later!
Na shledanou později!
Please.
Prosím.
Excuse me.
S dovolením.
I' m sorry.
Promiňte.
Thank you.
Děkuji.
Thanks.
Dík(y).
You are welcome!
Prosím./Není zač.
Yes.
Ano.
No.
Ne.
Entrance.
Vchod.
Exit.
Východ.
Open.
Otevřeno.
Closed.
Zavřeno.
No smoking.
Zákaz kouření./Kouření zakázáno.
bridge
most
castle
hrad
chateau
zámek
church
kostel
garden
zahrada
river
řeka
shop
obchod, prodejna
square
náměstí
station
nádraží
stop
stanice, zastávka
street
ulice
theatre
divadlo
town
město

Climate

The Czech Republic has a temperate continental climate with four seasons. Winters are quite mild (the average temperature in January is -0.9 °C) and summers are not too hot (the average temperature in July is 19 °C).

Important telephone numbers

The most important institutions have three-digit telephone numbers that you can reach even without a SIM card inserted in your mobile phone. The service is free.

The Czech Republic’s country code: +420

Important Telephone Numbers

  • Emergency call 112
  • Ambulance service phone 155
  • Police phone 158
  • Fire emergency phone 150
  • Municipal police phone 156

Customs regulations

Foreign visitors to the Czech Republic are allowed to export non-commercial goods without permission and the character and quantity of which indicate that such goods are for personal use or gifts. If special generally binding regulations apply to the exported goods (e.g. regulations on protection of cultural monuments, objects of museum value and the like), customs officials require export permission.

Currency

Legal tender – crown (Kč), international abbreviation CZK

  • Coins: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 Kč
  • Banknotes: 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 Kč

Exchange rate

Date: 19. 5. 2011

Country
Currency
Amount
Exchange rate
Great Britain
GBP
1
27.762
European Monetary Union
EUR
1
24.465
Russia
RUB
100
61.25
USA
USD
1
17.15
Japan
JPY
100
20.938
China
CNY
1
2.637
Poland
PLN
1
6.237

ATMs and payment cards

There is a dense network of ATMs in Prague that accept all common types of international payment cards. It is also possible to pay with credit cards in the majority of shops, restaurants and accommodation facilities.

Reporting the loss of a payment card

  • American Express – tel. 222 800 222
  • Visa and Eurocard/Mastercard - tel. 272 771 111
  • Diners Club – tel. 267 197 450

Post office

The main post office – Praha 1, Jindřišská 14, tel. 221 131 445, open daily except for a break from midnight till 2 a.m. Regular opening hours for post offices in the Czech Republic are Mon-Fri 8 a.m. – 6 p.m. Czech Post information, including postage rates:

http://www.ceskaposta.cz/en/

Health care

Providers of health care in the EU accept patients with European health insurance cards. It is recommended that non-EU citizens purchase commercial health insurance in their home country before arriving in the Czech Republic. In case of acute illness or injury, the patient will be provided treatment in any hospital, emergency facility or the department for foreign patients in the Na Homolce and Motol hospitals.

Tipping

Tips usually make for 10% of the total price. However, it depends on your satisfaction with the staff and service provided.

Smoking

A law restricting smoking is in force in the Czech Republic. A smoking ban applies to public spaces (public transportation platforms – stops, railway and bus stations, means of public transport, cultural facilities, health care facilities). Smoking is limited in restaurants, although it is not strictly prohibited. Smoking and non-smoking areas are usually designated and separate.

Electrical voltage

The electrical network in the Czech Republic has the voltage of 220V.

Embassies

Assistance in a difficult situation can be obtained at the embassy of your country.

 

More information at http://www.praguewelcome.cz/en/information/foreign-visitors.shtml

 

About Prague

Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, is our most valuable historical city reserve. In 1992 the historical core of the city covering 866 hectares was listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register.

Prague represents a unique collection of historical monuments dominated by the Prague Castle which towers high above the city. It is a display of all artistic styles and movements. The historical core of the city is situated on both banks of the Vltava river and consists of 6 parts - formerly independent urban units unified in the 18th century. They are as follows: Stare Mesto (Old Town), Josefov (the preserved part of the former Jewish Town - today a part of the Old Town), Nove Mesto (New Town), Mala Strana (Lesser Town), Hradcany and Vysehrad. Naturally, most of the historical monuments, museums and galleries are concentrated right there.

http://www.praguewelcome.cz/en/information/about-prague/index.shtml

 

Top 10 Prague monuments

·         The Prague castle

National cultural monument, the symbol of more than millennial development of the Czech state. Since its foundation in the last quarter of the 9th century it has been developing uninterruptedly throughout the past eleven centuries.

·         Charles Bridge and bridge Towers

The oldest Prague bridge built in the place of the Judita's Bridge that had been badly damaged by a flood in 1342. The Stone or Prague Bridge since 1870 called Charles Bridge, was founded by Charles IV in the year 1357.

·         Old Town Hall with the Astronomical Clock

Established 1338 as the seat of the Old Town authorities. The oldest gothic part of the complex which includes a tower and an oriel chapel is richly decorated with coats of arms. It was built in the latter half of the 14th century.

·         Josefov - Prague Ghetto

It dates back to the 13th century but its present appearance is mainly the result of a vast redevelopment action undertaken between 1893 - 1913. Only a few most significant buildings were saved, the living testimony of the history of Prague Jews which lasted for many centuries.

·         Powder Tower

A monumental entrance to the Old Town built by Matej Rejsek in the gothic style in 1475. Once it served as a gunpowder depot. In the late 19th century it was rebuilt by J. Mocker.

·         St. Nicolas Church

One of the most valuable buildings of the "Prague Baroque" period with a dominant dome and the belfry (architects K. Dienzenhofer, K. I. Dienzenhofer, A. Lurago, 1704 - 1756).

·         Petrín View Tower

Reduced copy of the Eiffel Tower (60 m high) built in 1891 on the occasion of the Jubilee Exhibition. 299 steps lead up to the top platform. In March 2002 the Tower was opened again to the public after a wide reconstruction.

·         Church of Our Lady of Victory

An early baroque building from the year 1611, 1634 - 1669 rebuilt by the Carmelite Order. The church is world-famous thanks to the Prague Bambino - Infant Jesus wax figure (of the Spanish origin), which was presented to the church by Polyxena of Lobkowicz (1628).

·         Loreta

A Marian pilgrimage place with a copy of the Italian Santa Casa (G. Orsi, 1626 - 1627) including also the baroque Church of the Nativity of Our Lord (K. I. Dienzenhofer, 1734 - 1735). The ground is encircled by a cloister and chapels.

·         Vysehrad

Ancient legends situate the original seat of the Czech princes - the legendary Princess Libuse and the first Przemyslides - on the hill.

http://www.praguewelcome.cz/en/information/about-prague/monuments/top-10-prague-monuments/index.shtml

 

Current weather forecast

http://www.praguewelcome.cz/en/information/about-prague/basic-info/weather.shtml

http://www.chmi.cz/portal/dt?portal_lang=en&menu=JSPTabContainer/P1_0_Home

 

 

 

Last Updated on Friday, 20 May 2011 07:59  

FP0903 Newsletter

Name:

Email:

mod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_counter
mod_vvisit_counterToday10
mod_vvisit_counterYesterday45
mod_vvisit_counterThis week55
mod_vvisit_counterLast week343
mod_vvisit_counterThis month783
mod_vvisit_counterLast month1498
mod_vvisit_counterAll days197456