Availability and evaluation of monitoring data
A review of current sites and measurements is being carried out, along with a comprehensive analysis of present data sets from different European monitoring programs (with special reference to EMEP, ICP Forests, CarboEurope, NitroEurope and the recent COST Action ES0804 on atmosphere-biosphere fluxes). The main focus is on ozone, nitrogen, carbon sequestration, increased temperature and extreme climatic events. Information is collected by literature searches, expert workshops, other meetings, and national contacts, and will be collated at WG1 meetings and by means of the Action website.
Group Leader: Dr Nicholas CLARKE
Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute
Vice leader: Giorgio Matteucci
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
Istituto per i Sistemi Agricoli e Forestali del Mediterraneo
Via Cavour 4-6
87036 Rende (CS), Italy
Data from existing monitoring programmes such as ICP Forests, ICP Integrated Monitoring and EMEP, as well as from large-scale international projects such as CarboEurope IP and NitroEurope, can be used to answer questions about the impacts of air pollution and climate change on forest ecosystems and the feedbacks of forest to climate. However, for full use to be made of the available data, a number of questions need to be answered related to the availability, accessibility, quality and comparability of the data. For example, how can these databases be accessed, e.g. freely, over the internet, on request, by authorisation? How should intellectual property rights be protected, while improving access to data? What possibilities exist for harmonisation? Which quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) procedures have been used and for how long? These and other relevant questions are discussed in Clarke et al. (2011).
A metadatabase for the integration of the information from the various existing European networks already dealing with the effects of different stress factors on forests, including air pollution and climate change, is available here. All of the selected projects are strongly related to the problem of climate change and its influence on the terrestrial ecosystem, especially forests. Furthermore, the problems of adaptation of natural ecosystems in a polluted environment are involved in the research in each of the selected projects. It should be emphasised that the metadatabase is not intended to replace existing databases, but to act as an aid to those seeking to find out what information is available in these databases and thus assist in improving access to, and coordination between, the different datasets. Some results emerging from an analysis of the metadatabase are available here.